Mining is an important part of every economy. In a world that is already facing shortages of some of the important minerals and metals like petroleum and coal, the demand for such products is only bound to increase with time. Meeting those demands will be a challenge for the mining and minerals industry worldwide. With the increasing efforts in R&D and technological innovations, the mining and minerals industry has developed huge human resource requirements. There is already a shortage of skilled workforce throughout the world. Developments are taking place rapidly and many companies in this sector are expanding their operations and are working on new projects like the refinery being constructed by Reliance Industries Limited in Jamnagar. Also Bharat Petroleum is conducting R&D for value added products and alternate fuels. So to conclude, it can be said that mining and minerals sector has a bright future, be it in terms of employment or technology.